Appraisal machinery

Appraisal machinery work requires its own building a reasonable method. To choose the method appropriate valuation, must be based on the following factors
A. Valuation Method machinery

The choice of valuation method is an important problem in practice valuation of machinery and equipment. To choose the method appropriate valuation, must be based on the following factors:
- Property type machine, equipment valuation
- Sources of information collected as well as the reliability of the information and the ability to use the materials on the job market in Appraisal
- The purpose of valuation: for sale, for rent, property taxes, to insurance or to invest in new, ...
The valuation method is the machine or equipment is introduced in this report include:
1. Valuation of machinery and equipment by means of direct comparison
Concept:
Method of direct comparison is the method estimates the market value of the assets based on analysis of the prices for similar assets used to compare asset valuation should have successful transactions or buy, sell the fact on the market at the time of valuation to estimate the market value of assets to valuation
Similar property to property valuation should have the following basic characteristics:
- Having the same physical characteristics.
- There are economic parameters, basic technical similarities.
- Have the same function and purpose of use.
- There are similar quality.
Can replace each other in use.
Scope of application:
This method is often used for valuation of assets traded on the market popularity.

 

tham dinh gia may moc thiet bi

 

The basis for valuation of machinery and equipment
Asian. Direct comparison method based on the market value of the assets should be evaluated with a close relationship to the value of similar assets were or are being traded in the market.
b. Characteristics:
- This method is based on the transactions of similar assets in the market to provide realistic data comparable to assets necessary appraisal.
- The purpose of assessing the assets traded on the market must be based on the principle of satisfying theory "voluntary seller and voluntary buyer" and the more likely compared to assets necessary goals evaluation, will result in more accurate evaluation.
c. Request:
- Must have relevant information of similar assets traded on the market, the new methods used. Without market information about the sale of similar assets, there is no basis for comparison with assets appraisal objectives.
- Information collected on actual comparable assets appraisal objectives, means there must be a correlation in terms of technique: the size, capacity, design and other technical conditions, ...
- Quality of information needs to be relatively high which is suitable in terms of composition, timely, accurate, verifiable, complete and gathered from reliable sources, such as: magazines, newsletters, daily market prices; Companies specializing in business equipment and machinery; ... From this information can reliably for comparison and examination upon request.
- The market should stabilize, if market volatility is difficult to correct this method, although the comparison subjects with similar characteristics in many aspects.
- The valuation should have experience and practical knowledge about new markets can apply valuation methods appropriate to make prices reasonable proposal and recognized.
d. Content:
When conducting valuation according to the direct method should follow these steps:
- Searching for information on the assets sold in the near future on the market can compare to assets subject to evaluation in terms of structure, namely: size, capacity, design and Other specifications fish, ...
- Check the information on the property can be compared to determine its market value as a basis for comparison with assets appraisal objectives. Normally, should choose some assets most suitable terms may constitute comparable assets appraisal objectives.
- Analysis of the price, determine the differences in specifications such as size, type, longevity and other conditions (better or worse) of each asset compared to assets necessary competence regulations; then adjust the price of this property (which may increase or decrease) compared to assets necessary appraisal.
The process of adjustment to go to determine the value of assets subject to price appraisal was conducted as follows:
Get asset valuation benchmark, if assets better compare the adjusted transaction value of comparable property down and vice versa.
- Estimated value of assets subject to valuation based on comparable price is after adjustment.
Factors affecting the value of assets
- Time to sell assets: day trading has an important influence on the market value of assets.
- Sale of assets during duress conditions: ie either seller or buyer involuntary involuntary, it will affect the value of assets traded in the market.
The pros and cons:
Advantage:
- Eligible for the widespread and most used in practice because it is a method that has no technical difficulties.
- There is a solid basis for recognition because it is based on market value for comparison and evaluation.
Defect:
- Sometimes the comparison can not be achieved due to the special nature of asset technical appraisal objectives makes it difficult to find a property being traded in the market is exactly the same assets directory pepper. This will affect the accuracy of this method.
- The accuracy of this method would reduce the market with strong price fluctuations.
Using the formula Berim in valuation of machinery and equipment:
- Define the technical characteristics necessary fundamental asset valuation
- Surveying the market comparable properties selected
- Application of calculation formula to figure out the price adjustment based on the price of machinery and equipment comparisons and differences in technical and economic parameters mainly by the following formula.
Based on that search with the same machinery the utility, but less than the principal technical characteristics, which the market value has been known as the standard machine. Since then machine market valuation formula valuated Berim:

 

                                                                                N1     X

                                                    G1 =  G0 x  ( ------ )         

                                                                                 N0

Inside :
   G1 is the value of machinery and equipment valuation.
   G0 is the value of machinery and equipment have the same utility on the market price was selected as the standard price.
   N1 is the basic technical characteristics of the machine need to be priced.
   N0 is the basic technical characteristics of the standard machine (already on the market price).
    x is exponential price growth under braking basic technical characteristics.

For valuation basis comparable accuracy, the important issue is to identify the characteristics of the technical and economic machinery of the properties is the most important, and are used as parameters to calculate.

To facilitate the use of methods to directly compare the valuation, may use the spreadsheet available on the value exponent x and follow the specifications of the machine should primarily N1 pricing and specifications N0 the standard machine (known market price) as follows:
                             Spreadsheets available on x and N1 / N0

x

N1/N0

0,7

0,75

0,8

0,85

0,9

0,95

1,1

1,2

1,3

1,4

1,5

1,6

1,7

1,8

1,9

2,0

2,1

2,1

2,3

2,4

2,5

2,6

2,7

2,8

2,9

3,0

3,1

3,2

3,3

3,4

3,5

1,047

1,122

1,175

1,259

1,318

1,380

1,445

1,479

1,549

1,622

1,660

1,698

1,778

1,820

1,862

1,950

1,995

2,042

2,089

2,153

2,203

2,254

2,301

2,355

2,399

1,072

1,146

1,202

1,285

1,349

1,422

1,486

1,552

1,618

1,679

1,742

1,803

1,866

1,928

1,986

2,046

2,104

2,163

2,218

2,275

2,333

2,388

2,443

2,500

2,559

1,079

1,156

1,233

1,306

1,380

1,455

1,528

1,600

1,671

1,738

1,807

1,875

1,945

2,014

2,080

2,148

2,213

2,275

2,339

2,404

2,472

2,535

2,594

2,661

2,723

1,084

1,167

1,247

1,330

1,409

1,489

1,567

1,648

1,722

1,799

1,875

1,954

2,028

2,104

2,178

2,249

2,323

2,399

2,472

2,541

2,612

2,685

2,754

2,825

2,897

1,089

1,178

1,265

1,352

1,439

1,524

1,611

1,694

1,778

1,862

1,945

2,032

2,113

2,198

2,280

2,360

2,443

2,523

2,606

2,685

2,767

2,844

2,924

3,006

3,083

1,094

1,189

1,282

1,374

1,469

1,560

1,652

1,746

1,837

1,928

2,023

2,113

2,203

2,296

2,388

2,477

2,564

2,655

2,748

2,838

2,924

3,013

3,105

3,192

3,281

 

2. Valuation of machinery and equipment by the cost method
Concept
Valuation method based on cost creates an asset equivalent asset valuation should subtract the actual depreciation of assets required valuation (if any) to estimate the value of assets to valuation.
Actual depreciation of assets: The total cost of the asset reduction due to physical wear and tear and obsolescence due (depreciation of tangible and intangible depreciation) on operating properties of assets.
Scope of application
- Appraisal for specialized assets, single, have little jacket no transaction (buy, sell popular on the market).
- Appraisal for insurance purposes.
- A method of bidding or tendering check ...
Request
The valuation must be fluent technique and must have enough experience can apply this method, namely:
- Determine the current cost to produce similar assets with assets necessary valuation at the time of appraisal.
- Determine the cumulative depreciation for machines, equipment valuation.
Content:
Content overview of valuation carried out by the method as follows:
- Estimate the current cost to replace machinery, equipment evaluation, assuming that the current user is using the highest and best. To accurately estimate the costs, the appraisal should understand the machinery in order to achieve the estimated cost at a reasonable level.
- Estimated total discount amount accrued (real depreciation) of machinery from all causes including wear and tear of tangible and intangible depreciation.

2. Valuation of machinery and equipment by the cost method
Concept
Valuation method based on cost creates an asset equivalent asset valuation should subtract the actual depreciation of assets required valuation (if any) to estimate the value of assets to valuation.
Actual depreciation of assets: The total cost of the asset reduction due to physical wear and tear and obsolescence due (depreciation of tangible and intangible depreciation) on operating properties of assets.
Scope of application
- Appraisal for specialized assets, single, have little jacket no transaction (buy, sell popular on the market).
- Appraisal for insurance purposes.
- A method of bidding or tendering check ...
Request
The valuation must be fluent technique and must have enough experience can apply this method, namely:
- Determine the current cost to produce similar assets with assets necessary valuation at the time of appraisal.
- Determine the cumulative depreciation for machines, equipment valuation.
Content:
Content overview of valuation carried out by the method as follows:
- Estimate the current cost to replace machinery, equipment evaluation, assuming that the current user is using the highest and best. To accurately estimate the costs, the appraisal should understand the machinery in order to achieve the estimated cost at a reasonable level.
- Estimated total discount amount accrued (real depreciation) of machinery from all causes including wear and tear of tangible and intangible depreciation. 

 

tham dinh gia may moc thiet bi1

 

Participants B. Valuation machinery
1. According to the corporate form
- Private enterprise
- Co., Ltd
- Joint stock company
- Government-owned corporation
2. The business line
- The direct production enterprises
- Businesses providing services in the fields of finance, banking, commercial, consulting, design, construction and technology sectors ...
C. Valuation Purpose Machinery
- To purchase, liquidation
- Equitization
- Buying and selling businesses, capital contribution, joint venture, association
- Transformation of the enterprise, establishment / dissolution of enterprises, investment
- Listed on the Stock Exchange
- Issue of shares, sale of shares on the market
- Buying, selling or merging businesses
- Mortgage, bank loan guarantee
- Demonstrate financial capability ....

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